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  • Drug Control as an Exception in a Humane and Rational Criminal Policy in Finland

    Heini Kainulainen Pekka Hakkarainen

    Chapter from the book: Tham, H. 2021. Retreat or Entrenchment?: Drug Policies in the Nordic Countries at a Crossroads.


    The drug policy in Finland is described as a paradox. Finland has after the Second World War actively worked for reducing the prison population to the general Nordic and West-European level. While these efforts were successful, the drug policy however developed in the opposite direction.

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    How to cite this chapter
    Kainulainen H. & Hakkarainen P. 2021. Drug Control as an Exception in a Humane and Rational Criminal Policy in Finland. In: Tham, H (ed.), Retreat or Entrenchment?. Stockholm: Stockholm University Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.16993/bbo.h

    This is an Open Access chapter distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (unless stated otherwise), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Copyright is retained by the author(s).

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    Additional Information

    Published on Nov. 29, 2021


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